September 17: Salome (1905)
Aubrey Beardsley, "Climax" (1894, for English edition of Oscar Wilde's Salome)
World premiere: December 9, 1905, Court Opera, Dresden
American premiere: January 22, 1907, Metropolitan Opera, New York
Libretto: Hedwig Lachmann, German translation of the play by Oscar Wilde, Salome, a play in one act, originally written in French (corrected by Wilde's French friends) in 1891. Wilde's play was published in French in 1893, and then in an English translation by Lord Alfred Douglas, Wilde's lover, in 1894. The play was premiered in Paris in 1896 (the original French version), in which director Aurélien Lugné-Poë cast the Page as a woman (often done in stage versions, as well as by Strauss). Toulouse-Lautrec designed the program.
The play was first performed in Germany at the Neues Theater in Berlin in 1903: Max Renhardt produced it based on the success of his earlier private production at the Kleines Theater in 1902. The production ran for 200 performances. Richard Strauss was in the audience for some of those performances.
Wilde's Salome has also been made into several different film versions, including Ken Russell's Salome's Last Dance (1988).
See also the The Salome Cartellone (on the text and music, in Italian).
- Tim Ballard, Psychological points found in Salome
- Dr. Downey, Orchestration and Motives in Salome
- Phil Carluzzo, Salome Scandals
- Dr. Downey, Artworks on Salome
- Dr. Downey, Other Resources on Salome
- Grace Cho, Comparing Libretto of Salome in the New Testament and Oscar Wilde's play
- Kyoung-Hee Jung, Part 3:entrance of Herod, Herodias, and the court
- Lindsay Heller, "Salome": The "Dance of the Seven Veils" to the Beheading (pt. 4)
Derrick Puffett, Richard Strauss: Salome, Cambridge Opera Handbooks (1989)
Richard Strauss, Salome, Hildegard Behrens, Vienna Philharmonic, Herbert von Karajan
Richard Strauss, Salome, Birgit Nilsson, Vienna Philharmonic, Georg Solti